Pollinator-friendly plants

butterflies-on-flowers

Common name

Genus

Flowering time

Attracts

Height

Willow

Salix

spring

Mourning Cloak, Viceroy, Orchard Mason Bee

6-20 metres
Sassafras

Sassafras

spring

Pale Swallowtail

20 metres
Redbud

Cercis

Spring

Orchard Mason Bee

8 metres
Horse Chestnut

Aesculus

n/a

Hummingbirds

8 metres
Hickery Carya

spring

n/a

20 metres
Maple  Acer

early spring

Cellophane Bees

35 metres
Cherry Prunus

spring

Columbia Silkmoth

12-15 metres
Sumac  Rhus

late spring

Bees, beetles

6 metres
Black Locust Roninia

late spring

Bees

25 metres
Honey Locust Gleditsia  spring Silver-spotted Skipper 30 metres
Paw Paw Asimina  spring Zebra Swallowtail 10 metres
Birch Betula  spring Eastern Tiger Swallowtail 25 metres
Hawthorne Crataegus spring Gray Hairstreak, Mourning Cloak, and Azure Butterflies 12 metres
Ash Fraxinus spring

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium
caryaevorum), Mourning Cloak

20 metres
Elm Ulmus spring Mourning Cloak, Columbia Silkmoth 35 metres
Walnut Juglans spring Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorum) 25 metres
Tulip Tree Liriodendron late spring Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) 35 metres
Cucumber Tree Magnolia spring  Beetles, honeybee 25 metres
Poplar Populus spring Viceroy 25 metres
Oak Quercus spring Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii), Hickory
Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorum)
25 metres
Hackberry Celtis spring Mourning Cloak, American snout 15 metres
Serviceberry Amelanchier spring Bees 10 metres
Basswood Tilia summer Bees 35 metres
Sourwood Oxydendrum autumn Bees 15 metres
Mahonia Mahonia  early spring Bees, Butterflies, Moths 15 metres
Golden Currant Ribes aureum spring Butterflies 2 metres
Blueberries Vaccinium spring Bees, butterflies 1.5 metres
Spirea Spirea spring Birds, bees 1 metre
Dogwood Cornus spring Spring Azure 10 metres
Fruit Trees Prunus, malus
etc
 spring Bees, Butterflies  20 metres
Printable version: Recommended plants for a pollinator garden

Plants for attracting bees

Aster, Aster sp.
Basil, Ocimum
Beggar, Ticks Bidens
Black-eyed Susan, Rudbeckia
Blanket flower, Gaillardia grandiflora
Carpet geranium, Geranium incanum
Caryopteris, Caryopteris
Cosmos, Cosmos binnatus
English lavender, Lavandula
Eryngo, Eryngium
Giant hyssop, Agastache
Globe thistle, Echinops
Goldenrod, Solidago
Hebe, Hebe
Huckleberry, Vaccinium
Hyssop, Hyssopus
Oregon grape, Mahonia aquifolium
Penstemon/Beardtongue, Penstemon
Purple coneflower, Echinacea
Rosemary, Rosmarinus
Sage, Salvia
Snowberry, Symphoricarpos
Stonecrop, Sedum
Sunflower, Helianthus
Tickseed, Coreopsis
Toadflax, Linaria purpurea
Wallflower, Erysimum
Wild buckwheat, Eriogonum

Plants for attracting butterflies

Bee balm, Monarda didyma
Big Betony, Stachys macrantha
Black-eyed Susan, Rudbeckia
Butterfly Bush, Buddleia
Butterfly weed, Asclepias tuberosa
Cardinal flower, Lobelia cardinalis
Columbine, Aquilegia
Coneflower, Echinacea
Crimson Scabious, Knautia macedonica
English lavender, Lavandula
False Indigo, Baptisia
False Sunflower, Heliopsis helianthoides
Hardy Aster, Aster
Hardy Mum, Dendranthemum
Joe-pye weed, Eupatorium
Jupiter’s Beard, Centranthus ruber
Lady’s Mantle, Alchemilla
Lamb’s Ear, Stachys byzantina
Maltese Cross/Scarlet Lychnis, Lychnis chalcedonica
Meadow Sage, Salvia
Mexican Mint, Agastache
Phlox, Phlox
Pincushion Flower, Scabiosa
Pinks, Dianthus
Russian Sage, Perovskia
Sea Thrift, Armeria
Shasta Daisy, Leucanthemum
Stonecrop, Sedum
Swamp Milkweed, Asclepias incarnate
Tickseed, Coreopsis
Turtlehead, Chelone
Yarrow, Achillea
Angel’s Trumpet, Brugmansia
Cosmos, Cosmos
Dill, Anethum
Fennel, Foeniculum
Flowering Maple, Abutilon
Lantana, Lantana
Licorice Plant, Helichrysum
Parsley, Petroselinum
Rue, Ruta
Scarlet Milkweed, Asclepias curassavica
Spider Flower, Cleome spinosa
Star Flower, Pentas
Verbena, Verbena

Plants for attracting hummingbirds

Bee balm, Monarda didyma
Butterfly weed, Asclepias tuberosa
Cardinal flower, Lobelia cardinalis
Columbine, Aquilegia
Coral bells, Heuchera sanguinea
Cosmos, Cosmo
Foxglove, Digitalis purpurea
Geranium, Geranium
Japanese honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica
Lantana, Lantana
Lupine, Lupinus
Nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus
Nicotinia. Nicotinia
Penstemon/Beardtongue, Penstemon
Red hot poker, Kniphofia uvaria
Trumpet vines, Campsis radicans
Tuberous Begonia, Begonia tuberhybrida
Verbena, Verbena

Trees and shrubs

Almond, Prunus
Apple, Malus
Barberry, Berberis
Basswood, Tilia
Black locust, Robinia pseudoacacia
Blackberry, Rubus allegheniensis
Blueberries, Vaccinium
Cherry, Prunus
Currant, Ribes
Elderberry, Sambucus
Honey locust, Gleditsia tricanthos
Horse chestnut, Aesculus hippocastanum
Maples, Acer
Plum, Prunus
Raspberry, Rubus
Redbud, Cercis canadensis
Rhododendron, Rhododendron
Sassafras, Sassafras albidum
Serviceberry, Amelanchier
Spirea, Spiraea
Sumac, Rhus
Willow, Salix